WOOD & CALDWELL
Enoch Wood (1759-1840) had, from about 1784, been working for himself (possibly with his cousin Ralph Wood) but on 1st January 1791 Enoch went into partnership with James Caldwell (1760?-1838) and construction began immediately on a much larger factory. While Enoch Wood was to concentrate on the running of the actual pottery, it would appear that James Caldwell, bringing a very different but complementary mix of skills, worked outside the company. James Caldwell was a man of many hats. He was a lawyer and a businessman, was a very close friend of Josiah Wedgwood and was widely known by many people in the Staffordshire potting community. In addition he was already considerably well off and was able to invest significant funds to help the firm to grow and prosper. This partnership of Potter and Lawyer was to last for 27 years up until July 1818 when James Caldwell (approx 58 years of age) retired from the partnership.
I have set this website up to act as a source of information for people who have some interest in Wood & Caldwell, either collectors of Staffordshire figures or historians interested in the various people involved in turning the early wheels of industry in the Staffordshire pottery region. Information about Wood & Caldwell probably drops into three main categories as follows:
1. A catalogue list of all known Wood & Caldwell wares.
2. Information about Enoch Wood, James Caldwell and the other people directly involved in the Wood & Caldwell company.
3. Information about the wider pottery community and markets.
I feel that the best place to start is to build up a catalogue list of the known Wood & Caldwell wares, as this has not been done in any great deal to date (to my knowledge). With the power of the internet information highway (and digital cameras), I feel we now have an opportunity to make a very detailed attempt to bring this information together and make it more available for everyone.
Regarding my key sources of information, I have so far identified the following:
1. "The Wood Family of Burslem" by Frank Falkner, published
1912 (excellent book).
2. "Collecting Old English Lustre Ware" by W Bosanko, published 1916.
3. "Old English Lustre Pottery" by W D John & Warren Baker, published 1951 (extensive illustrations).
4. "Old English Lustre Ware" by John Bedford, published 1965.
5. "A Collector's History of English Pottery" by Griselda Lewis, published 1969.
6. "Staffordshire Portrait Figures" by John Hall, published 1972.
7. "The Price Guide to 18th Century English Pottery" by Sally Mount 1972.
8. "English Earthenware Figures" by Pat Halfpenny, published 1991 (another excellent book).
9. "19th Century Lustreware" by Michael Gibson, published 1999 ( I am informed that this is a good book).
10. "People, Passions, Pastimes, and Pleasures: Staffordshire Figures 1810-1835" by Myrna Schkolne, published 2006.
11. Records in the Wedgwood Archive at Keel University (letters, receipts and manuscripts).
12. Website on Staffordshire figures www.staffordshire.org
13. Website of the Potteries Museum and Art Gallery, Stoke on Trent www2002.stoke.gov.uk/museums/pmag/ceramics/collections/wood/people/people.htm
14. Diaries of James Caldwell (Extensive archive, not published, volunteers needed to help with transcription).
If you have any information that you can bring me, or digital images of Wood & Caldwell items, I would be very pleased to hear from you. Please email me on firstname.lastname@example.org
To see the catelogue list of Wood & Caldwell wares identified so far please click here.
For more information on James Caldwell please go to www.jjhc.co.uk and click on James Caldwell.
What is my interest? I am a great great great great grandson of James Caldwell and my name is Jeremy James Heath-Caldwell (know as JJ). Hope you find this website to be an interesting source of information on a small niche of the early Staffordshire pottery industry
(Catalogue list of WOOD & CALDWELL) (Staffordshire Figues) (Figures of Famous People) (Tableware)
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